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Slovak should not be confused with Slovene, or Slovenian (), the main language of Slovenia.Slovak uses the Latin script with small modifications that include the four diacritics (ˇ, ´, ¨, ˆ) placed above certain letters (a-á,ä; c-č; d-ď; dz-dž; e-é; i-í; l-ľ,ĺ; n-ň; o-ó,ô; r-ŕ; s-š; t-ť; u-ú; y-ý; z-ž)The primary principle of Slovak spelling is the phonemic principle.Until the 19th century, Hungarian was used as the literary language in the Slovak areas.Hungarians also adopted many words from various Slavic languages related to agriculture and administration, and a number of Hungarian loanwords are found in Slovak.Some examples are as follows: Romanian words entered the Slovak language in the course of the so-called "Wallachian colonization" in the 14th–16th century when sheep breeding became common in Slovak mountains.Many of today's Slovak rustic-pastoral words like bača ("shepherd"; Romanian baci), valach ("young shepherd"; cf.Both servus and papa are used in colloquial, informal conversation.
In addition, the following rules are present: Most foreign words receive Slovak spelling immediately or after some time. The noun governed by a preposition must appear in the case required by the preposition in the given context (e.g. Po has a different meaning depending on the case of its governed noun.
Slovak is the official language of Slovakia, where it is spoken by approximately 5.51 million people (2014).
Slovak speakers are also found in the United States, the Czech Republic, Argentina, Serbia, Ireland, Romania, Poland, Canada, Hungary, Croatia, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, Ukraine and many other countries worldwide.
Slavic language varieties tend to be closely related, and have had a large degree of mutual influence, due to the complicated ethnopolitical history of their historic ranges.
This is reflected in the many features Slovak shares with neighboring language varieties.